Category Archives: Details

Samyukta Hastas

Standard

Samyukta hastas are hastas formed by joining both the hands. Natyasastra describes only 13 asamyukta hastas butbut as per abhinayadharpana there are 23 asamyukta hastas. Nowadays 24 asamyukta hastas are in practice.

Anjali

Hold Pataka in both the hands & join the palms to show Anjali Hasta.

Kapotha Hasta

In Anjali Hasta, only the borders of the hands are joined (Inside face of the Palm should not touch one another) to show Kapota Hasta.

Karkata Hasta

Bring the fingers of both the hands between one another to show Karkata Hasta.

Swastika Hasta

Hold Pataka Hands & cross the hands at the wrist so that the hands are opposite to each other to shoe Swastika Hasta.

Dola Hasta

Hold Pataka Hasta, stretch the arms & keep the hasta upside down along the hip line to show Dola Hasta.

Pushpaputa Hasta

Hold Sarpasheersha in both the hands & join them at the wrist to show Pushpaputa Hasta.

Utsanga Hasta

Hold Mrugasheersha Hasta in both the hands, cross the hands, touch opposite shoulders to show Utsanga Hasta.

Shivalinga Hasta

Hold Ardhachandra Hasta in the left hand(palm up), keep shikhara Hasta in right hand & place it on the left hand to show Shivalinga Hasta

Katakavardhana Hasta

Hold Katakamukha Hasta in both hands, cross the hands at the wrist to show Katakavardhana Hasta.

Kartareeswastika Hasta

Hold Kartareemukha Hasta in both the hands & cross the hands at the wrist to show Kartareeswastika Hasta

Shakata Hasta

Leave the thumb & the middle fingers in Bhramara Hasta. Hold like this in both the hands & cross at the wrist to show Shakata Hasta. Another way of showing Shakata Hasta is to cross the Arala Hastas at the wrist.

Shankha Hasta

Hold the Left thumb with the last three fingers of the right hand, stretch the other fingers of the left hand, stretch & touch the thumb & index fingers of the right hand with the stretched fingers of the left hand to show Shankha Hasta.

Chakra Hasta

Hold Ardhachandra hasta in both the hands, place them one above the other like a Plus(+) mark to show Chakra Hasta.

Samputa Hasta

Hold Pataka Hasta, bent the palm a little in both the hands and place one above the other such that inside of the palm face each other to show Samputa Hasta.

Paasha Hasta

Hold Suchi Hasta in both hands, bend the index finger a little & join these fingers like a chain to show Paasha Hasta.

Keelaka Hasta

Hold Mrugasheersha Hasta in both hands, bend the little finger a little & join these fingers like a chain to show Keelaka Hasta.

Matsya Hasta

Hold Pataka hasta in both the hands, place them one above the other, stretch the thumb a bit (like fins of fish) to show Matsya Hasta.

Koorma Hasta

Opposite of Chakra Hasta is Koorma Hasta i.e Stretch the thumb & little fingers & fold the other fingers in Chakra Hasta to show Koorma Hasta.

Varaha Hasta

Hold Mrugasheersha hasta in both hands, place them one above the other to show Varaha Hasta.

Garuda Hasta

Hold Ardhachandra in both the hands, turn them & hold them with the thumbs to show Garuda Hasta.

Nagabhandha Hasta

Hold Sarpasheersha in both the hands & cross them at the wrist to show Nagabandha Hasta.

Khatva Hasta

Hold Chatura Hasta in both hands, place the hands one above the other, stretch the index fingers down to show Khatva Hasta.

Bherundha Hasta

Hold Kapitha Hasta & cross them at the wrist to show Bherundha Hasta.

Avahittha Hasta

Hold Alapadma in both the hands, cross them at the wrist, place them near chest to show Avahitha Hasta.

Asamyukta Hastas

Standard

We have seen the basics of hastas in the previous post ” The Hastas ”

Let’s go into the details of the hastas and its viniyogas

Asamyukta Hastas : The hastas formed by single hand are called the Asamyukta hastas. The sloka is described in the post  “ Hasta Sloka ”

The 28 hastas that form the Asamyukta hastas are explained with the help of Slokas in Natyasastra and they are listed below:

  • Pataka
  • Tripataka
  • Ardhapataka
  • Kartariimukha
  • Mayoora
  • Ardhachandra
  • Arala
  • Sukatundaka
  • Mushti
  • Shikhara
  • Kapitha
  • Katakamukha (3 Types)
  • Suchi
  • Chandrakala
  • Padmakosha
  • Sarpasiras
  • Mrigashirsha
  • Simhamukha
  • Kaangoolasch
  • Alapadma
  • Chatura
  • Bhramara
  • Hamsasyo
  • Hamsapkshaka
  • Samdamsha
  • Mukula
  • Taamrachooda
  • Trishoola

To understand the sloka of each hastas we need to understand the nomenclature of the fingers.

  • Angustha     – Thump
  • Tarjani         – Fore finger
  • Madhyama  – Middle finger
  • Anamika      – Ring finger
  • Kanishtha    – Little finger

Now let’s see the definitions of each Asamyukta hastas…

  1. Pataka : When all the fingers are kept close to each other with the thump finger kept bent this is pataka hasta. The five fingers represent the five senses and the bending of the thumb signifies the control over them.

Sloka:

Prasarithaagrah Sahita

Yasyaangulyo Bhavanthi

Kunchithascha Thathaangustha

Sa Pataka Iti smruthaha ”

Meaning of Sloka : When all the fingers are kept close to each other with the thump finger (Angustha) kept bent this is pataka hasta

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Natyarambhae vaarivahae vanai vastu nishedhanae

Kuchasthalae nishayam cha nadyam amaramandalae

   Turangae khandanae vayo shayanae gamanodyamae

Pratapae cha prasadae cha chandrikayam Ghana tapae

Kavaadapaatanae saptavibhaktyarthae tharangae

Veedi praveshabhavepi samatvae cha angaragakae

  Aatmarthae shapathae chapae thooshnim bhava nidharshanae

Thaalapatrae cha kheitae cha dravyadis sparshanae thatha

   Aashirvadaekriyayam cha nrupa sreshtasya

Thatra Thatreti vachanae sindhyo cha sukruthikramae

Sambhodhanae purogaepae khadgarupasya dharanae

Masae samvathsarae varsha dinae sammarjanae thatha 

  Yevamardhyeshu yujanthae pataka hasta bhavanaha ”

Meaning of viniyoga sloka:  

Natyarambhae – Beginning of the dance

Vaarivahae – Rain clouds

Vanai – Forest

Vastu nishedhanae – to deny, object, avoid

Kuchasthalae – Bossom

Nisha – Night

Nadyam – River

Amaramandalae – Heaven

Thurangae –Horse

Khandanae – Cutting

Vayo – Wind

Shayanae – Sleeping

Gamanodhyamae – walking

Prataapae – Show power

Prasaadae – Bless

Chandrika – Moon light

Ghana tapae – Strong sunlight

Kavaadapaatana – Opening & closing door

Sapthavibhakthiyarthaae – Mentioning of the seven cases

Tharangae – Waves

Veedi pravesha – Entering a street

Samatvae – Equality

Anga ragakae – Massaging or applying sandal paste

Aathmarthae – Oneself

Shapathae – Take an oath

Thooshnim bhava nidharshanam – Slience, Secret act

Thaala patrae- Palm leaf, write letter

Kheitae – Shield

Dravyadis sparshanae – touching things

Ashirvadae – Blessing

Nrupa sreshtasya – Powerful king

Thathra Tatreti vachanae – To say ‘this’ or ‘that’

Sindhyo – Ocean

Sukrithikramae – To be good

Sambhodhanam – Address someone

Purogaipae – To move forward

Khadga – Sward

Roopasya – Form

Dharanae – To wear

Masae – Month

Samvathsarae – Year

Varsha dinae – Rainy day

Sammarjanae – To sweep

2. Tri Pataka : If in pataka hasta the ring finger (Anamika) is kept bent this is tri pataka hasta.

Sloka:

“ Patakae tu yadavakranamika

Tvanguliibhaved Tripatakh Sa

Vaagneyaha karmachasya nibhodhata”

 Meaning of Sloka : When the ring finger (Anamika) in the pataka hasta is kept bent, this is tri pataka hasta

Viniyoga Sloka:

3. Ardha Pataka : If in Tripataka the little finger (Kanistha) is kept bent this is Ardhapataka hasta.

4. Kartarimukhaha : The name literally means ‘scissors’ and the hand is held in that shape. Use the thumb to hold down the ring finger (Anamika) and little finger (Kanistha). Keep the index (Tarjani) and middle finger (Madhyama) straight, stretching and separating them so that the middle finger comes forward towards the thumb and this is kartarimukha hasta.

Sloka:

“ Tripatakae yada hastae

Bhavet prushtavalokini

Tarjani Madhyamayascha

Tadasou kartarimukhaha ”

Meaning of Sloka : When the index finger faces the back of the middle finger in the tripataka hasta, this is Kartarimukha hasta. Though it is described like this the usual practice is to do as described in the first paragraph.

Viniyoga Sloka:

5. Mayooram : The name originated from the Sanskrit name of the peacock. When we keep all the fingers open and straight then bend the ring finger (Anamika) and touch the tip of the ring finger with the tip of the thumb (Angustha) we get the Mayoora Hasta.

Sloka:

Viniyoga Sloka:

6. Ardha Chandra : The name has its origin from the Sanskrit word for half moon. It is formed by keeping palm held open and all the fingers straight and close together with the thumb (Angustha) held at right angles to the index finger.

Sloka: 

Yesyangulastu vinatha

Sahangusthena kaparam

Sa ardhachandro hi vighnehakara

Karmasya vakshyate

Meaning of Sloka : When we bent the thumb to outside and the rest of fingers are brought together to resemble the schape of a bow it is the Ardhachandra hasta.

Viniyoga Sloka:

7. Arala : Start with the palm open, fingers held close together and thumb alongside the index finger. Then fold the index finger from the second digit so that it forms an upside-down ‘L’ shape. Another way of holding arala hasta is to allow the tip of the thumb to touch the underside of the folded index finger.

Sloka:  

Adya dhanurlata karya

Kunchitangusthaka thatha

Sesha Bhinordhvavalitha

Hyaralangulya smruthaha

 Meaning of Sloka : When the index finger (Tarjani) is bent like a bow and the thumb (Angustha) is bent without touching the other fingers and the rest of the fingers are straightened and kept closely together it is the Arala hasta.

8. Sukatundaka : Start with the palm open, all fingers straight and held close together. Then bend the thumb from the first digit, and the index and ring finger from the second digit.

Sloka:  

Aralasya Yada vakra

Aanamika Tvangulir bhaved

Shukatundasthu sa karaha

Karmachasya nibhodata ”  

Meaning of Sloka : When the ring finger (Anamika) of Arala hasta is bent, it is the Shukatunda hasta

9. Mushti : This hasta is simple: Make the hand into a fist. The thumb closes around the folded fingers.

Sloka: 

“ Angulyo Yasya Hastasya

Talamadhu Grasamsthitha

Tasamupari Changustha Sa

Mushtiriti Sangnitaha ”

Meaning of Sloka : When all the fingers are bent towards the palm and the thumb is placed on top of the other four fingers, it is the Mushti hasta.

10. Shikara : Make the hand into a fist. Then lift the thumb up, holding it at an angle of 90 degrees to the fist

Sloka:

Asyava tu yada mushte

Urdhvangustha prayujathe

Hasta sa shikaro nama tada

Gneya prayoktrbihi  

Meaning of Sloka : If in the Mushti Hasta the thumb is lifted up it is the shikara hasta

11. Kapitha : Make the hand into a fist, then hold the thumb straight and take the index finger and fold it over the thumb. Sometimes only the tip of the index finger touches the top of the thumb, and sometimes the finger folds tightly over the thumb, so that no space is visible inside the hasta.

Sloka: 

“ Asyava shikarakhyasya

Mukhengusthenipiditha

Yada pradesini vakra sa

Kapithastada smruthaha ”

 Meaning of Sloka : If in shikhara hasta the index finger is kept curved and pressed to the thumb, it is the Kapitha hasta.

12.   Katakamukhaha : There are three to four variations of Katakhamukha hasta that are in practice.

 Sloka:

“Utkshiptavakra tu yada

Anamika sakaniyasi

Asyaiva Tu Kapithasya

Tadasou Katakamukhaha ”

 Meaning of Sloka : If in kapitha hasta the little finger and the ring finger is raised with the middle finger bent forward  it is the Katakamukha hasta.

13.  Suchi : Make the hand into a fist, then hold the thumb straight touching the middle finger and take the index finger straight up.

Sloka :

Katakakhye yada haste

   Tarjani samprasarita

Hasta suchimukho nama tada

Gneya Prayoktrivihi ”

Meaning of Sloka : If in kapitha hasta the fore finger is stretched out  it is the Suchi hasta.

14.   Chandrakala :

 Sloka :

 Meaning of Sloka : 

15.   Padmakosha :  

Sloka :

Syangulstu viralaha

Sahangushtena kunchithaha

Urdhva hyamsagatagrascha

Sa Bhaved padmakoshakaha 

Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers including the thumb are kept separately and their ends are slightly curved it is the padmakosha hasta.

16.   Sarpasiras :

Sloka :

Angulya sahita sarva

   Sahangushtena yasya tu

Tatha Nimnatalaschaiva  sa

Tu sarpasira karaha 

Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers including the thumb are kept close together and are slightly bent towards the palm it is the Sarpasirasa hasta

17.   Mrigashirsha :  It has its name since when we hold this hasta it resembles the head of a deer. 

Sloka :

Adhomukhinam Sarvasam

   Angulnam Samagamaha

Kanishthaangusthakaurdhavu

Sa bhavet mrigashirshakaha 

Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers are stretched out and bent forward to form an L shape in the palm with the thumb and the little fingers raised upwards it is the Mrigashirsha hasta

To be continued…..