We have seen the basics of hastas in the previous post ” The Hastas ”
Let’s go into the details of the hastas and its viniyogas
Asamyukta Hastas : The hastas formed by single hand are called the Asamyukta hastas. The sloka is described in the post “ Hasta Sloka ”
The 28 hastas that form the Asamyukta hastas are explained with the help of Slokas in Natyasastra and they are listed below:
- Katakamukha (3 Types)
To understand the sloka of each hastas we need to understand the nomenclature of the fingers.
- Angustha – Thump
- Tarjani – Fore finger
- Madhyama – Middle finger
- Anamika – Ring finger
- Kanishtha – Little finger
Now let’s see the definitions of each Asamyukta hastas…
- Pataka : When all the fingers are kept close to each other with the thump finger kept bent this is pataka hasta. The five fingers represent the five senses and the bending of the thumb signifies the control over them.
“ Prasarithaagrah Sahita
Sa Pataka Iti smruthaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : When all the fingers are kept close to each other with the thump finger (Angustha) kept bent this is pataka hasta
“Natyarambhae vaarivahae vanai vastu nishedhanae
Kuchasthalae nishayam cha nadyam amaramandalae
Turangae khandanae vayo shayanae gamanodyamae
Pratapae cha prasadae cha chandrikayam Ghana tapae
Kavaadapaatanae saptavibhaktyarthae tharangae
Veedi praveshabhavepi samatvae cha angaragakae
Aatmarthae shapathae chapae thooshnim bhava nidharshanae
Thaalapatrae cha kheitae cha dravyadis sparshanae thatha
Aashirvadaekriyayam cha nrupa sreshtasya
Thatra Thatreti vachanae sindhyo cha sukruthikramae
Sambhodhanae purogaepae khadgarupasya dharanae
Masae samvathsarae varsha dinae sammarjanae thatha
Yevamardhyeshu yujanthae pataka hasta bhavanaha ”
Meaning of viniyoga sloka:
Natyarambhae – Beginning of the dance
Vaarivahae – Rain clouds
Vanai – Forest
Vastu nishedhanae – to deny, object, avoid
Kuchasthalae – Bossom
Nisha – Night
Nadyam – River
Amaramandalae – Heaven
Khandanae – Cutting
Vayo – Wind
Shayanae – Sleeping
Gamanodhyamae – walking
Prataapae – Show power
Prasaadae – Bless
Chandrika – Moon light
Ghana tapae – Strong sunlight
Kavaadapaatana – Opening & closing door
Sapthavibhakthiyarthaae – Mentioning of the seven cases
Tharangae – Waves
Veedi pravesha – Entering a street
Samatvae – Equality
Anga ragakae – Massaging or applying sandal paste
Aathmarthae – Oneself
Shapathae – Take an oath
Thooshnim bhava nidharshanam – Slience, Secret act
Thaala patrae- Palm leaf, write letter
Kheitae – Shield
Dravyadis sparshanae – touching things
Ashirvadae – Blessing
Nrupa sreshtasya – Powerful king
Thathra Tatreti vachanae – To say ‘this’ or ‘that’
Sindhyo – Ocean
Sukrithikramae – To be good
Sambhodhanam – Address someone
Purogaipae – To move forward
Khadga – Sward
Roopasya – Form
Dharanae – To wear
Masae – Month
Samvathsarae – Year
Varsha dinae – Rainy day
Sammarjanae – To sweep
2. Tri Pataka : If in pataka hasta the ring finger (Anamika) is kept bent this is tri pataka hasta.
“ Patakae tu yadavakranamika
Tvanguliibhaved Tripatakh Sa
Vaagneyaha karmachasya nibhodhata”
Meaning of Sloka : When the ring finger (Anamika) in the pataka hasta is kept bent, this is tri pataka hasta
3. Ardha Pataka : If in Tripataka the little finger (Kanistha) is kept bent this is Ardhapataka hasta.
4. Kartarimukhaha : The name literally means ‘scissors’ and the hand is held in that shape. Use the thumb to hold down the ring finger (Anamika) and little finger (Kanistha). Keep the index (Tarjani) and middle finger (Madhyama) straight, stretching and separating them so that the middle finger comes forward towards the thumb and this is kartarimukha hasta.
“ Tripatakae yada hastae
Tadasou kartarimukhaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : When the index finger faces the back of the middle finger in the tripataka hasta, this is Kartarimukha hasta. Though it is described like this the usual practice is to do as described in the first paragraph.
5. Mayooram : The name originated from the Sanskrit name of the peacock. When we keep all the fingers open and straight then bend the ring finger (Anamika) and touch the tip of the ring finger with the tip of the thumb (Angustha) we get the Mayoora Hasta.
6. Ardha Chandra : The name has its origin from the Sanskrit word for half moon. It is formed by keeping palm held open and all the fingers straight and close together with the thumb (Angustha) held at right angles to the index finger.
Sa ardhachandro hi vighnehakara
Meaning of Sloka : When we bent the thumb to outside and the rest of fingers are brought together to resemble the schape of a bow it is the Ardhachandra hasta.
7. Arala : Start with the palm open, fingers held close together and thumb alongside the index finger. Then fold the index finger from the second digit so that it forms an upside-down ‘L’ shape. Another way of holding arala hasta is to allow the tip of the thumb to touch the underside of the folded index finger.
“Adya dhanurlata karya
Meaning of Sloka : When the index finger (Tarjani) is bent like a bow and the thumb (Angustha) is bent without touching the other fingers and the rest of the fingers are straightened and kept closely together it is the Arala hasta.
8. Sukatundaka : Start with the palm open, all fingers straight and held close together. Then bend the thumb from the first digit, and the index and ring finger from the second digit.
“ Aralasya Yada vakra
Aanamika Tvangulir bhaved
Shukatundasthu sa karaha
Karmachasya nibhodata ”
Meaning of Sloka : When the ring finger (Anamika) of Arala hasta is bent, it is the Shukatunda hasta
9. Mushti : This hasta is simple: Make the hand into a fist. The thumb closes around the folded fingers.
“ Angulyo Yasya Hastasya
Tasamupari Changustha Sa
Mushtiriti Sangnitaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : When all the fingers are bent towards the palm and the thumb is placed on top of the other four fingers, it is the Mushti hasta.
10. Shikara : Make the hand into a fist. Then lift the thumb up, holding it at an angle of 90 degrees to the fist
“Asyava tu yada mushte
Hasta sa shikaro nama tada
Gneya prayoktrbihi ”
Meaning of Sloka : If in the Mushti Hasta the thumb is lifted up it is the shikara hasta
11. Kapitha : Make the hand into a fist, then hold the thumb straight and take the index finger and fold it over the thumb. Sometimes only the tip of the index finger touches the top of the thumb, and sometimes the finger folds tightly over the thumb, so that no space is visible inside the hasta.
“ Asyava shikarakhyasya
Yada pradesini vakra sa
Kapithastada smruthaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : If in shikhara hasta the index finger is kept curved and pressed to the thumb, it is the Kapitha hasta.
12. Katakamukhaha : There are three to four variations of Katakhamukha hasta that are in practice.
“Utkshiptavakra tu yada
Asyaiva Tu Kapithasya
Tadasou Katakamukhaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : If in kapitha hasta the little finger and the ring finger is raised with the middle finger bent forward it is the Katakamukha hasta.
13. Suchi : Make the hand into a fist, then hold the thumb straight touching the middle finger and take the index finger straight up.
“ Katakakhye yada haste
Hasta suchimukho nama tada
Gneya Prayoktrivihi ”
Meaning of Sloka : If in kapitha hasta the fore finger is stretched out it is the Suchi hasta.
14. Chandrakala :
Meaning of Sloka :
15. Padmakosha :
“ Syangulstu viralaha
Sa Bhaved padmakoshakaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers including the thumb are kept separately and their ends are slightly curved it is the padmakosha hasta.
16. Sarpasiras :
“ Angulya sahita sarva
Sahangushtena yasya tu
Tatha Nimnatalaschaiva sa
Tu sarpasira karaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers including the thumb are kept close together and are slightly bent towards the palm it is the Sarpasirasa hasta
17. Mrigashirsha : It has its name since when we hold this hasta it resembles the head of a deer.
“ Adhomukhinam Sarvasam
Sa bhavet mrigashirshakaha ”
Meaning of Sloka : All the fingers are stretched out and bent forward to form an L shape in the palm with the thumb and the little fingers raised upwards it is the Mrigashirsha hasta
To be continued…..