“More About Suladi Sapta Taalam”

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As described in the previous post, the Suladi sapta talam are seven in number.

In Carnatic music “Nadai” or “jathis” are hyperlinked to the Suladi sapta talam . As we know that an avartanam of talam comprises of laghu and dhrutham, “jathi” is linked to that part of the talam which is described as “Laghu”. Laghu is denoted as |and dhrutham is denoted as O.

As we already learnt that there are 5 types of jathis, laghu could also be expressed in 5 different ways as detailed below:

1. Thishra jathi laghu            :   |

2. Chaturashra jathi laghu   :   |4

3. Khanda jathi laghu          :   |5

4. Mishra jathi laghu and     :  |7

5. Sangeerna jathi laghu     :   |9

 Hence each of the Suladi Sapta talam will be having 5 different types depending on the type of jathis hence making 35 types of talams in Carnatic music.The type of jathi determines the type of laghu and thus the type of talam.

For example, lets take the 5 different ways of expressing the Triputa talam (which is basically one laghu and two drutham  – | O O ).

|3 O O – Thishra jathi Triputa Talam           

|4 O O – Chaturashra jathi Triputa Talam  – Displayed as { Hit , Count 1,2,3 Hit , wave, Hit wave }

|5 O O – Khanda jathi Triputa Talam        

|7 O O – Mishra jathi Triputa Talam          

|9 O O – Sangeerna jathi Triputa Talam

The chaturashra jathi Triputa Talam is the most commonly known “Aadi Talam”.

Every composition is rendered at different speeds which is referred as kaalam.

Talam and kalam have great importance in Carnatic music as well as classical dance be it Bharatanatyam or Mohiniyattam or Kuchipudi.

There are basically three different kalam in which a talam could be expressed.

1. First speed      : Vilamba kalam

2. Second speed : Madhyama kalam

3. Third speed     :Duritha kalam

Each of the seven talam is taught in one single jathi in the preliminary exercise called Alankaram and these talas are called the Desitalas. The seven talams in the Alankaram are as follows :
1. Dhruva Talam –
1 laghu 1 drutham 2 laghus – | O | |
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Chaturashra jathi Dhruva Talam { |4 O |4 |4 }
2. Matya Talam –
1 laghu 1 drutham 1 laghus – | O |
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Chaturashra jathi Matya Talam { |4 O |4 }
3. Rupaka Talam –
1 drutham 1 laghu – O |
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Chaturashra jathi Rupaka Talam { O |4 }
4. Jampa Talam –
1 laghu 1 anudrutham 1 drutham – |u O
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Mishra jathi jampa Talam { |7 U O }
5. Triputa Talam –
1 laghu 2 drutham – | O O
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Thishra jathi Triputa Talam { |3 O O }
6. Ata Talam –
2 laghu 2 drutham – || O O
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is Khanda jathi Ata Talam { |5 |5 O O }
7. Eka Talam –
1 laghu – |
Type of talam practised in Alankaram is chaturashra jathi Eka Talam { |4 }

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